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· 2017年3D打印技术的7大新进展

2019-08-23 11:29 来源:浙江在线

  · 2017年3D打印技术的7大新进展

  AmanstandsatEmersonsnewMeasurementTechnologyCenterinBeijing,whichopenedlastNovembertoserveitsautomationsolutionsbusinessinChinaandacrossAsia.[Photo/ChinaNewsService]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountrystothegrowthofChinasenergyindustryPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,formandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoThe40yearsofreformandopening-uphavemadeChinamoremodern,moreinternationalizedandmoredeveloped,ssecond-largesteconomyanditsimageasoneoftheworldaandfortheChinesepeople,qualitydevelopment,fromatraditionallow-costlabormanufacturingcountrytoamoreinnovation-based,talent-oriented,sthebiggestchallengeChinafacestodayandhowcanthecountryovercomeitNowthatChinahasenteredaphaseofslowergrowth,oneofthemainchallengeswillbetomaintainitssuccessfultransitiontoaconsumer-oriented,,includingthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20),,thegovernmentsdevelopmentstrategytoincreaseregionaltradeandencouragebroaderglobaleconomiccooperation,iscreatingenormousbusinessopportunitiesthroughoutAsia,nologyinnovation,infrastructure,education,finance,senvironmentalanddevelopmentchallenges,Emersonisworkingwithindustryandgovernmentagenciestopromotetheefficientuseofenergy,includingimprovedenergyefficiencystandards,developingtechnologiesandsolutionstoboostcleanerenergyproduction,late1970s,Emersonwasoneofsixglobalcompaniesinvited,Emersonwastheonlycompanythatwaswillingtoenteralicensingdealtosupplytec,wearecommittedt,000employfter40yearsofreformandopening-up,Chineseenterpriseshaveundergonetransformationsintermsofsize,structure,ness,,wecompletedastrategicportfoliorealignmentprogram,whichenablesustofocusonourtwocorebusinesses-automationsolutions,andcommercialandresidentialsolutions-tobuildonourstrengthsandleadership,tinuousresearchanddevelopmentandinnovation,andasroleintheworldtodayOverthepast40years,Chinahastransformedfromanundevelopednationtoar,ChinasnatssustainedeconomicgrowthhastranslatedintoincreasingvisibilityontheworldstageandPrsdevelopmentoverthisperiodhasnotonlymadeitapowerfulengineofworldeconomicgrowth,butalsocontributedtotherecover,Chinaactivelypromotesthelinkingofdevelopmentstrategiesofallnationsacrosstheregionandbeyond,anditishelpingtoboostlocalemploymentande,itisalsoimportanttoenforceintellectualpropertyrightsande,intellectualpropertyrightsp,wearealsointerestedinChinasreformanddevelopmentactivitiesinkeyareassuchasconservationofenergy,reductionofcarbonemissions,improvementofairquality,sustainablefoodwastemanagement,sexperiencesandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsThegovernments13thFive-YearPlanlaysdownthestrategyandpathwayforChina,urbanizationandsocialwelfare,environmentalprotectionandtalentdevelo,Chinahassetitsownambitiousdevelopmentgoals,governmentistakingconcertedactionstsnewgreenp,wefeelthatifanenterprisecanwininChina,,Chinaisoneofourmostimportantmarketsandmanyofourkeyproductsare,,,withitsnewterminal,,Ihavewitnessedthespeedofthenationstransformation,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinainthepast40yearsOneexamplethathasbeenextremelyimpressiveisChina,dams,,thelengthofChinashighwaysandhigh-speedrailmileagearerankedNo1intheworldandthenationalhigh-speedrailway,whichdidnotexist10yearsago,isnowmoreextensivethantheEuropeanUnionstransportationisindeedthespeedofChina!AmanstandsatEmersonsnewMeasurementTechnologyCenterinBeijing,whichopenedlastNovembertoserveitsautomationsolutionsbusinessinChinaandacrossAsia.[Photo/ChinaNewsService]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountrystothegrowthofChinasenergyindustryPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,formandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoThe40yearsofreformandopening-uphavemadeChinamoremodern,moreinternationalizedandmoredeveloped,ssecond-largesteconomyanditsimageasoneoftheworldaandfortheChinesepeople,qualitydevelopment,fromatraditionallow-costlabormanufacturingcountrytoamoreinnovation-based,talent-oriented,sthebiggestchallengeChinafacestodayandhowcanthecountryovercomeitNowthatChinahasenteredaphaseofslowergrowth,oneofthemainchallengeswillbetomaintainitssuccessfultransitiontoaconsumer-oriented,,includingthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20),,thegovernmentsdevelopmentstrategytoincreaseregionaltradeandencouragebroaderglobaleconomiccooperation,iscreatingenormousbusinessopportunitiesthroughoutAsia,nologyinnovation,infrastructure,education,finance,senvironmentalanddevelopmentchallenges,Emersonisworkingwithindustryandgovernmentagenciestopromotetheefficientuseofenergy,includingimprovedenergyefficiencystandards,developingtechnologiesandsolutionstoboostcleanerenergyproduction,late1970s,Emersonwasoneofsixglobalcompaniesinvited,Emersonwastheonlycompanythatwaswillingtoenteralicensingdealtosupplytec,wearecommittedt,000employfter40yearsofreformandopening-up,Chineseenterpriseshaveundergonetransformationsintermsofsize,structure,ness,,wecompletedastrategicportfoliorealignmentprogram,whichenablesustofocusonourtwocorebusinesses-automationsolutions,andcommercialandresidentialsolutions-tobuildonourstrengthsandleadership,tinuousresearchanddevelopmentandinnovation,andasroleintheworldtodayOverthepast40years,Chinahastransformedfromanundevelopednationtoar,ChinasnatssustainedeconomicgrowthhastranslatedintoincreasingvisibilityontheworldstageandPrsdevelopmentoverthisperiodhasnotonlymadeitapowerfulengineofworldeconomicgrowth,butalsocontributedtotherecover,Chinaactivelypromotesthelinkingofdevelopmentstrategiesofallnationsacrosstheregionandbeyond,anditishelpingtoboostlocalemploymentande,itisalsoimportanttoenforceintellectualpropertyrightsande,intellectualpropertyrightsp,wearealsointerestedinChinasreformanddevelopmentactivitiesinkeyareassuchasconservationofenergy,reductionofcarbonemissions,improvementofairquality,sustainablefoodwastemanagement,sexperiencesandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsThegovernments13thFive-YearPlanlaysdownthestrategyandpathwayforChina,urbanizationandsocialwelfare,environmentalprotectionandtalentdevelo,Chinahassetitsownambitiousdevelopmentgoals,governmentistakingconcertedactionstsnewgreenp,wefeelthatifanenterprisecanwininChina,,Chinaisoneofourmostimportantmarketsandmanyofourkeyproductsare,,,withitsnewterminal,,Ihavewitnessedthespeedofthenationstransformation,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinainthepast40yearsOneexamplethathasbeenextremelyimpressiveisChina,dams,,thelengthofChinashighwaysandhigh-speedrailmileagearerankedNo1intheworldandthenationalhigh-speedrailway,whichdidnotexist10yearsago,isnowmoreextensivethantheEuropeanUnionstransportationisindeedthespeedofChina!

AnemployeeattachespaperworktothewindshieldofavehicleinthegeneralassemblyshopattheSAIC-GM-WulingAutomobileCoBaojunplant,ajointventurebetweenSAICMotorCorp,GeneralMotorsCoandLiuzhouWulingAutomobileIndustryCo,inLiuzhou,Guangxiprovince,May23,2018.[Photo/VCG]CHICAGO-WorldsleadingautomakerGeneralMotorsCo.(GM)willintroduce20newelectrifiedvehiclesintoChinesemarketby2023,sontopofthe10electrifiedvehiclesGManditsChinesejointventureshavealreadyplannedfor2016through2020,asdentroduce10newenergymodels,after2020,GMwillaccelerateitseffortstohelpfurtherelectrifytheworldspartofGMspushtomeetincreasinglystricterlow-emissionvehicleproductionquotastakingeffectinChinanextyear."Chinaplaysanessentialroleintheworldsdrivetowardsazero-emissionsfuture,"selectricline-upinChinaalreadyincludetheCadillacCT6plug-in,theBuickVelite5hybridextended-rangeelectricvehicle,sBuickbranddebutedtheVelite6plug-iniclewillcome"atalaterdate,"theautomakersaid.TheTiantianChemicalPlantinYichang,Hubeiprovince,dbythelocalgovernmenttoregulatechemicalplantsalongtheYangtzeRiver.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]Morethan130heavilypollutingplantshavebeenremovedfrombanksofYangtzeRiverAshelookedoutacrosstheYangtzeRiver,DaiShengdong,aformeremployeeofTiantianChemicalsCo,spokesentimentallyabouthisformeremployer."Wedidprettywell,andwepaidalotoftax,"hesaid,standingnearthecompanyspartiallydemolishedfertilizerplantinYichang,,the50-somethingconcededthatthedecisiontoclosethefactory,whichlayonthebanksoftheriver,,themanagementofTiantianChemicalagreedtoceaseproductionaftertheYichanggovernmentformulatedathree-yearplantogetridofchemicalplantsalongthecourseoftheYangtze,especiallythosebuiltwithinakilometeroftheriver,,134chemicalplantswereaffectedbytheplan;somewouldclose,somewouldberelocatedtooneoftwoapprovedindustrialparksthatboaststate-of-the-artwastetreatmentfacilities,,locatedinAijiatownshipjust100metersfromtheriverssouthbank,,,peopleusuallyhangclothestodryinhalf-openspacesathome,suchasbalconies,butthatwasntanoptionforthe4,000residentswholivedneartheplant,whichproducedsyntheticammoniaandammoniumbicarbonateforagriculturaluse.",peoplearehappytohangouttheirclothes,"saidLiHaiyang,headofAijiatownship."Before,ifIleftmyofficedoorajarforafewhours,,evenifIdontwipeitforthreeorfourdays,thedeskstaysclean."Yichangi,,134chemicalplantswerespreadalongtheriver,employing52,500peopleandaccountingforone-thirdofYichang,easytransportationoptionsfortheirproducts,alackofenvironmentalregulationsallowedtheplantsclosesttotherivertouse,asthemaingatewaytotheThreeGorgesstretchoftheriverandtheThreeGorgesDam,thecityhasapivotalroleintheYangtze,leconomy,orwoulditbettertoclosetheplantsandprotecttheenvironmentEventually,ualrevenueofmorethan100millionyuan($),Yichang"Thechemicalssectorwasthecitysmostimportantpillarindustry,sothemovetocontrolthepollutionitcausedhasaffectedthecity,"saidGuoKangxin,directoroftheYichangdevelopmentandreformcommission."Itisapainfulpartofthecity,itwontlastfortoolong."

  CarsondisplayattheGeneralMotorsCorpworldheadquartersinDetroit.[Photo/Agencies]CHICAGO-AmericasGeneralMotorsandJapaneseHondawillworktogetherindevelopingad,thenext-generationbatterywilldeliver"higherenergydensity,smallerpackagingandfasterchargingcapabilities"forbothcompaniesfutureproducts,,thecompanieswillcollaboratebasedonGMsnextgenerationbatterysystemwiththeintentforHondatosourcethebatterymodulesfromGM."Thisnew,multiyearagreementwithHondafurtherdemonstratesGeneralMotorscapabilitytoinnovatetowardaprofitableelectricportfolio,"saidMarkReuss,GMsexecutivevicepresidentofglobalproductdevelopment,purchasingandsupplychain."GMsdecadesofelectrificationexperienceandstrategicEVinvestments,alongsideHondascommitmenttoadvancingmobility,willresultinbettersolutionsforourcustomersandprogressonourzeroemissionsvision,",chiefofficerforautomobileoperationsofHonda,said,"Inadditiontoourongoingjointdevelopmentandproductionoffuelcells,thisbatterycomponentcollaborationwillenableustotakeanewsteptowardtherealizationofasustainablesociety.""moreaffordablecommercialsolution"forfuelcellandhydrogenstoragesystems,saidthestatement.[Photo/VCG]ChinesesmartphonevendorVivoistestingthelimitsoftechnologywithitslatestmodelNex,whichfeaturesabezel-lessdesign,,releasedinShanghaionTuesdaynight,isVivoslatesteffortto,,theVivoNexdoesnothaveanotchontopofitsdisplay,afeaturefirstu,,seniorvicepresidentofVivo,saidthecompanyisrampingupitsresearchanddevelopmentcapabilities,withastringofartificialintelligencelabsandRDcentersbuiltinChinaandoverseas."Nexistheresultofourconsistenteffortstomakesmartphonesthatcanreallystandoutinthefiercemarket,",988yuan($780)inChina,Nexisequippedwithanextendiblefrontcamera,retractsautomaticall,Vivosaidthecamera,whichcomeswithan8-megapixelsensor,canberaisedandloweredmorethan50,,,thepremiumversionofNexistheQualcommSnapdragon845processor,,researchdirectoratmarketresearchcompanyCounterpoint,saidVivoisputtingresourcesintotechnologiesthatconsumerscaneasilyrelatetoandappreciate."Thepublicdonotnecessarilyunderstandhow3Dcamerascanempowertheirphones,sattitudetowardinnovationisverydown-to-earth,",,,,datafromCounterpointshow.

  ApicturetakenonFeb6,2018showsapersonholdingavisualrepresentationofthedigitalcryptocurrencyBitcoin,atthe"BitcoinChange"shopintheIsraelicityofTelAviv.[Photo/VCG]Likeme,mypeerswhoattendeduniversityaround2010fondlyrememberRenren,,ifyouwereastudentinChinabutnotonRenren,youdidn..well,WeChat-shallwesay-stoleRenren,Renren,unfazedbyWeChatsdominance,,itiss,sharesofRenrensurged76percentto$,,inSeptember2017,ChinahadbannedinitialcoinofferingsorICOs,whichmeantanyICO-relatedactivity,eventhatwhichwasmaskedas"PE",,ithasbecomefashionabletopepperbusinessdiscussionsandmediareleaseswith"blockchain".Theotherday,Iheardsomeonesayingblockchaincanbeusedtosetupachickenfarm!There:"Decentralizationcloud-computingblockchainnetworkwithhighperformanceanddevelopmentstructure";and,"usingtraceabilitynatureofblockchaintoverifyartpiece".Somehow,laypersons,andgullible,recklessorgreedyinvestors,havecometoasssemboldeningfraudsterstobaitsuchunsuspectingpeoplewithso-calledblockchainprojects,whichareessentiallyPonzischemesbearingadifferentlabel."ItsaninsultforPonziifyousayICOislikePonzi,"saidZhuXiaohu,aseasonedinvestorwhohadboughtintoOfoandDidiinthepast."Apartfromcybercurrency,whatelsecanblockchaindoNinety-ninepercentoftheICOprojectsareabsolutefrauds."Yet,itisbelievedthatsomefundraisingactivitiesinthePEgarbarebeinglaunchedoverseasbysomeChinesecompanies,evitableAsDeloittereportedlatelastyear,92percentofso-calledblockchain-basedprojectshav,whoshallremainanonymoushere,bestsumsupthesituation.",,butallyouevergetisnothingbutaquietandnormallife."Technologyisagreatenablerforpolice,judgingbytherecentsocialmediaheadlinesthatfacialrecognitiontechnologyledtothearrestofafugitiveataconcertofCantopoplegendJackyCheunginJinhua,ecognitionsystemofYituTechnology,,orstartupswithvaluationsabove$1billion,SenseTimeCo,YituTechnology,MegviiTechnologyInc,,anotherleadingstartupinfacialrecognition,announcedearlierthismonththatithadraised$620millioninitsSeriesCplusroundoffundraising,ssecondfundraisingthisyearshortlyafteritacquired$600millioninitsSeri,airports,hotelsandevenpublictoiletsinChinatoverifypeoplesidentitiesbyscanningtheirfacesthroughdeployingcutting-edgetechnologies,throughasecuritycheckwhentheYitusystemrecognizedhimandissuedthealert,sfacialrecognitiontechnologyisabletorecognizeidentitiesinseconds,whichcanbewidelyappliedbysecuritydepartments."Thesecurityindustryisthebestplacetonurturefacialrecognitiontechnologies,aspolicedepartmentsoftenhaveahugedemandforreal-timeimage-matchingservices,andtheydealwithagreatdealofdatathatcanhelpfine-tuneoursystem,"saidZhuLong,publicsecuritydepartmentsandhasser,themarketvolumeofChina($810million)in2021,

AudisflagshipQ8SUVmakesitsglobalpremiereinShenzhen,GuangdongprovinceonJune5.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]GermanpremiumautomakerputsgreateremphasisonChinesecustomersinwakeofmarketshiftChinaisbecomingincreasinglyimportantforAudiAG,whichhasjustheldtheglobalpremiereofitsflagshipmodelinthecountry-,whichcombinestheeleganceofafour-doorluxurycoupewiththepracticalversatilityofalargeSUV,wowedtheaudienceattheAudiBrandSummitheldinShenzhen,Guangdongprovince,-"amasterpieceofdesignandaboldstatementofourbrand"-showsAudisconfidenceinChina,,,000cars,andinthefirstfourmonthsthisyearitssalessurgedalmost34percentto207,000."IbelieveChinaspremiummarketwillcontinuetogrowandbecomethelargestintheworld.""WeexpectoursalesinChinatodoubleinfivetosevenyears,",,AudiwillmorethandoubleitslocalproductportfolioatFAW-Volkswagenby2022,,sevenofwhichwillbelocallyproduced,andproducefivenewenergyvehicles,includingfourelectriccars,($47billion)intheseareasinthenextfiveto10years,andthemajorityofthefundingwillbemadeinChina."WeareveryawareofthefactthatmorethanhalfofChinesecustomersarereadytogiveupacarbrandifthatbranddoesn,wedefinethedigitaluserexperienceoftomorrow,"Stadlersaid.

  AllanGabor,managingdirectorofperformancematerialsofMerckChina.[Photo/VCG]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountry:IthastakenChinajust40yearstobecometheworld,,:Chinawouldno,ChinasentryintotheInternationalCouncilforHarmonizationwillgreatlyimprovei:formandopening-upprGree,theyhavenotjustgrowninsize,,Ivealsoseensignificantimprovementsinpeopleshealth,,,thecountryhassetupmedicinepilotzonesinBoao,Hainanprovince,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinain,theyarereallylookingtoexpressthemselvesnset:ChinasFive-YearPlanmechanismhasprovedsuccessful,,,thefasttakeoffine-commercecouldfacilitatetradeinremoteareasandthereasthebiggestchallenge,themortalityratefromchronicdiseasesisstillhigh,suressuchasopeningoursecond-largestdrugplantinNantong,Jiangsuprovince,whichproducespharmaceuticalsonthecountry,agetoprovidemoreinnovativeandhigh-qualitymedicineandhealthcareproductsthatimprovepeople,wehavedrugshelpingdiabetes,,wesupportthedevelopmentoforganiclight-emittingdiodetechnologytohelpflatpaneldi,wehelpourcustomersinC,wedontjustbenefitfromChina,,wehaveteamedupwithomesticcompaniesaremovingupinmanygoodways,,sspartners,asisexemplifiedinasroleintheworldtodayTraditionally,-politically,:WenowleveragetalentedpeopleinChinatocontributetoourglobalstrategies,,PresidentXiJinpingintroducedahostofpowerfulmeasurestofurtheropentheworldandresponsibilitiesflowdownthroughdiffe,mpressedbyhowthenationmajorincidentslikethebattleagainstsev,vibrant,innovativeandinclusive.

  Anewlycompletedprefabbuilding,designedbyShanghaiJiaoTongUniversity,inthecityofShigatse,Tibetautonomousregion.[ProvidedtoChinaDaily]Findingbuildingmaterialssuitableforuseonthe"RoofoftheWorld"hasalwayon,prefabbuildingsconsistoffactory-madecomponentstransportedandassembledon-sitetoformintegratedstructures."Themethodrealizessynchronousmanufacturingofthefoundation,furnishingsandmaincomponentsofthearchitecture,andonlytakesone-thirdthetimeoftraditionalcast-in-situconstruction,"saidYangJian,aprofessorattheuniversitysnavalarchitecture,oceanandcivilengineeringschool."Italsoreducesenvironmentalandnoisepollutiontoaminimumforthesurroundingneighborhood."Inaddition,themainload-carryingstructureoftheprefabricatedbuildingsissteel,andonlytheprotectiveanddividingwallsareconcrete."ItprotectsthesensitiveecosysteminTibettotheutmostasourresearchshowsthatabout35percentoftotaldustkickedupduringconstructioncomesfromcement,"sdata,thisinnovativeconstructitoapowderasareplacementforcement,saidXuFeng,anotherprofessorattheuniversity.ApotentialhomebuyerchecksoutapropertyprojectinHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince,Dec17,2016.[PhotobyLongWei/Asianewsphoto]Tightpolicieswillcontinueintherealest,developerscouldfacefinancingdifficulties,,theremightbeanotherroundofmergersandacquisitionsinthecomingyear,forcingso,,untilrealeconomyweaknesseshavebeenfundamentallychanged,therealestatesectoseconomyenteredthenewnormal,thegovernmentfocusedoncuttingovercapacity,reducingexcessinventory,deleveraging,,therewas,themarketcontinuedtogrowsignificantlyfrom2015,,,,Nanjing,Xiamen,,2016,year-on-yearket,realestatehadbecametomanyacrucialinvestmentsector,,sBankofChina,orthecountryscentralbank,($).,thegovernmentstartedtodefla,variouspolicieswererolledoutinabidtolimitpropertypurchases,,newguidelineswereusedinlandauctionprocedurestoc,residentialhousingtransactio,thepriceofsecondhandhousing,whichaccountedfor75percentofthecityssales,,again,,CushmanWakefield

  LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"

  AllanGabor,managingdirectorofperformancematerialsofMerckChina.[Photo/VCG]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountry:IthastakenChinajust40yearstobecometheworld,,:Chinawouldno,ChinasentryintotheInternationalCouncilforHarmonizationwillgreatlyimprovei:formandopening-upprGree,theyhavenotjustgrowninsize,,Ivealsoseensignificantimprovementsinpeopleshealth,,,thecountryhassetupmedicinepilotzonesinBoao,Hainanprovince,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinain,theyarereallylookingtoexpressthemselvesnset:ChinasFive-YearPlanmechanismhasprovedsuccessful,,,thefasttakeoffine-commercecouldfacilitatetradeinremoteareasandthereasthebiggestchallenge,themortalityratefromchronicdiseasesisstillhigh,suressuchasopeningoursecond-largestdrugplantinNantong,Jiangsuprovince,whichproducespharmaceuticalsonthecountry,agetoprovidemoreinnovativeandhigh-qualitymedicineandhealthcareproductsthatimprovepeople,wehavedrugshelpingdiabetes,,wesupportthedevelopmentoforganiclight-emittingdiodetechnologytohelpflatpaneldi,wehelpourcustomersinC,wedontjustbenefitfromChina,,wehaveteamedupwithomesticcompaniesaremovingupinmanygoodways,,sspartners,asisexemplifiedinasroleintheworldtodayTraditionally,-politically,:WenowleveragetalentedpeopleinChinatocontributetoourglobalstrategies,,PresidentXiJinpingintroducedahostofpowerfulmeasurestofurtheropentheworldandresponsibilitiesflowdownthroughdiffe,mpressedbyhowthenationmajorincidentslikethebattleagainstsev,vibrant,innovativeandinclusive.Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  ChengandhisteamperformduringtheweeklongStraitsForuminXiamen,receivedfromteachersinthestudentaffairsoffice."Ishoutedatthem:WhydoyoutreatmelikethisIalsogetbulliedbyothers,"edhimtightly,askinghim:"tyoufeelourloveandtolerance""Herwordswereaturningpointinmylife,whichmademedeterminedtochangemyself,"hesaid."Later,,IfeltasifIhadtwolegsthatcouldmovefreelyandfast."Chengstartedlearningwheelchairdanceandwheelchairsports,includingbasketballandbadminton."AtfirstIwasunwillingtopracticedancingbecauseIthoughtitagirlishthing,"hesaid.""Throughdancing,Chengfoundhisconfidenceandself-esteem."Onceanoldwomanintheaudiencetoldmethatmyperformancecouldtouchalotpeople,"hesaid."Igraduallyrealizedthatwheelchairdanceisnotjustaperformance,butawaytoinspireothers."Chenglaterimprovedonthetraditionalformofwheelchairdancing,whichwaspassive,andaddedmoredancingstyles,suchaship-hop,andgesturestohisperformance.

  ,XiJinping,then-PartychiefofZhejiangprovince,visitedYucunvillageinAnji,smovetocloseminesthatpollut,clearwatersandlushmountainsthemselvesmeangold,,callingclearwatersandlu,Huzhou,andruralresidentswereconfrontedwithadirty,,HuzhoujoinedZhejiangprovincesactionplseconomyhasshiftedtofamilyfarms,,($)seconomicboom,,,,asmallcitywith460,000registeredlocalresidents,nowboasts13academicworkstations,,watertreatment,solidwastetreatment,,Huzhouhasblazedthetrailforgreenandecologicaldevelopment,andisspreadingitsexperiencetootherprovincesinChina.

  EmployeesattachtheexhaustsystemforaVolkswagenAGPassatsaloonontheproductionlineinsidetheVWfactoryinEmden,Germany.[Photo/Agencies]Germanautomotiveworkersfacethethreatofmassivedislocationoverthenext12yearsastheindustrylurchesthroughatransitiontobattery-poweredcars,puttingatriskthousandsof,,anareawhereGermancarmaker,000oftheexisting210,000positionsworkingonenginesandtransmissionswillgoawayby2030-evenaselectrificationadds25,000positions,,conductedbyFraunhoferInstituteforIndustrialEngineering,alongwithapleaforemployersandgovernmenttoenactpoliciesthatwilllessentheblow."Thechallengeislarge,butcanbemasterediftherightframeworkconditionsarecreatednow,"IGMetallChairmanJoergHofmannsaidatapressbriefinginFrankfurt."Politiciansandcompaniesmustnowdevelopstrategiestoshapethistransformation."Manufacturershaveembarkedonfar-reachingoverhaulsandcos,whereVW,DaimlersMriesofbattery-poweredvehiclesarestillrelativelysmall,0,aquarterofcarswillbefullyelectric,withpluginhybridsaccountingfora15percentmarketshareand60percentbeingpowonsideringthetotal840,000workersinthecountrysautoindustry,thefallout"mightstillbesignificantforindividualmanufacturersorregions,"saidOliverRiedel,aFraunhoferdirector."ThetechnologyshiftmightmovesomejobsoutsideofGermany,"tsourceoflithium-ionbatterydemand,,500gigawatt-hoursayearby2030forelectriccarsandbuses,from44GWhlastyear,,theworldslargestautomaker,hasbeenreviewingoptionsforproducingcellsfornew-technologybatteriestotapintoamarketnowlargelycontrolledbyAsianmanufacturersSamsungSDICo,sContemporaryAmperexTechnologyCo,orCATL,hasembarkedonanaggressiveexpansionpushintheworldslargestautomarketandabroadthatunderscoresthesystemssstanceBosch,theworldsbiggestcar-partsmaker,decidedjustoverthreemonthsagoagainstsettingupitsownbattery-cellproduction,citinghugecostsofsome20billioneuros($23billion)togainafifthoftheglobalmarketandensuresufficientscale."Iseethejob-numbersdropasbeingmuchmoredrasticthandescribedinthestudy,"slargestsupplierofdiesel-enginesystems,andsome20,000GermanjobshingeonthetechnologythatscomeunderfireinthewakeofVWlikeSaarlandorBavariasFranconiadistrictthatwouldbeparticularlyhardhit,lderworkerswholeaveandretrainingemployeeswithITknowledgeassoftwareengineers,saidBerndOsterloh,thecarmaker,versusabout1,200componentsforcurrentconventionalengines,anditwilltakeaboutone-thirdlesstimetoassembleacarliketheVWGolf,ChineseinvestorsremainenthusiasticaboutinvestingintheAfricanmarketdespitefrustrationsandchallengescomingfromunexpectedrestrictions,,Chineseenterprises,bothmajorState-ownedonesandprivatelyownedsmallones,havebeenfindingtheirwayontotheAfricancon,000ChineseenterprisesoperatinginAfrica,with90percentbeingprivatelyowned,accordingtoWeiJianguo,,therearemorethan300Chineseenterprises,investingatotalof$13billioninfinance,electronics,telecommunications,,theBeltandRoadInitiativecertainlyservesasabigboosttoChineseinvestorsioninJohannesburglastmonthrevealedthatencouragedbytheinitiative,almo,forinstance,isspeedinguptheconstructionofitsmanufacturingplantinPortElizabeth,SouthAfrica,togetherwi,LiXingxing,executivevice-presidentofBAICInternationalDevelopment,promisedthattheplantwillgointooperationaccordingtotheoriginalschedule."Theequipmentfortheassemblylineworthabout$50millionhasbeenmanufacturedbackhomeandisreadytobeshippedtotheplantnowunderconstruction,andtheplantwillgointooperationwithoutanydelay,"Lisaidinhisofficemerelyafewhundredmetersawayfromtheconstructionsiteofthenewplant,neighb($843million)projectisnotonlyBAICsfirstoverseasmanufacturingplantbutalsoSouthAfrica,alocalchamberofcommerceclaimedthattheprojectwasfivemonthbehindschedule,thatproblemsinvolvingprocurementandlanguagedifferenceswerehinderingcommunicationbetweenthepartnersandthatco,althoughth,TongRenTang,theleadingtraditionalChinesemedicineproducer,istryingtopersuaderelatedSouthAfricanauthoritiestograntvisasandworkpermitstoTCMwhoaretakingalikingtoChinesemedicineandacupuncture,panyfindsitdifficulttoobtainworkpermitsforT,manyTCMdoctorsgainedexperiencean,however,maynotmeettherequirementso,applicationsbygooddoctorsareturneddown,frustratin,forinstance,isopenbuthasnodoctors."Wehavetoborrowdoctorsfromotherclinics,andthatmeansotherclinicshavetobeclosedduringtheirabsence,"saidZhongPeng,presidentofTongRenTang,15ofwhomwerelocalhires,andisintalkswithlocaluniversitiestoprovideacupuncturecourses."WehaveplanstosetupmoreclinicsandpharmaciesinotherAfricancountriesinthenextthreeyears,",projectdirectoroftheZanzibarairportterminalinTanzania,ontheotherhand,hashisheadaches."Hopefully,wecanrestartourprojectandhandoverthekeytoourpartnerbeforethefirsthalfof2019,"rminalinuse,Chengsaidthepro,theterminalinvolvesaninvestmentof$,theterminalsroofandglasscurtainwallshavebeencompleted,nspectionanditslikelythatnewfundswi,onlybygoinglocalandbenefitingAfricanpeoplecantheyensureitssustainabledevelopment,,Chineseenterprisesareemployingmorethan24,000localpeople,accordingtoSACETAplantisfullyoperational."IncomingtoinvestinAfrica,oneshouldhaveathoroughunderstandingofthelocallaborandemploymentpolicies,"saidLi,ketandstrictlyabidingbythelocallawsandregulations."Thebiggestthingliesinhowwe,theChinese,,"Lisaid.

 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将自然分娩进行到底
  新华网 ( 2019-08-23 16:48:22 ) 来源: 国际先驱导报
 

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??? 一些国家较低的剖宫产率跟其无痛分娩和水中分娩等前沿分娩技术的推广有关,发达国家在无痛分娩等助产技术方面做得相对好一些

??? 《国际先驱导报》记者曹槟发自北京 想起两年前那场惊心动魄的“生育大战”,来自北京的年轻母亲王思雨至今记忆犹新。当时她身边的亲戚朋友都建议她做剖宫产,但她在查询资料、咨询医生后还是义无反顾地选择了顺产,“当护士把哭得震天响的宝宝抱到我面前时,那种喜悦和成就感让我瞬间忘记了所有的痛苦。”
  但是在中国,很多准妈妈们出于各种原因和考虑,最终没能将自然分娩进行到底。剖宫产率畸高,是什么让中国妈妈们的自然分娩之路走得如此艰辛?

剖宫产会影响要二胎

  来自国家卫生和计划生育委员会以及中国疾控中心的最新数据表明,中国的剖宫产率超过40%,超过世界卫生组织标准的3倍,部分地区甚至高达70%。《英国妇产科杂志》去年发表的一篇评论文章明确指出中国必须努力抑制日益增长的剖宫产手术率,文章提到中国剖宫产比例在36%~58%之间。但上世纪80年代,中国的剖宫产率低于5%,而且直到1990年,剖宫产率也没有超过10%。
  全国政协委员、重庆医科大学妇产科教授王智彪近期也表示,很多剖宫产并不是出于医疗需要,完全可以避免。国际权威医学杂志《柳叶刀》曾在2010年发布报告称,中国有大约25%的剖宫产手术其实可以用自然分娩来代替。
  医学专家们认为,剖宫产虽然会让生产过程更加快捷可控,但增加了母婴健康的风险,而且经历过剖宫产的女性在生育二胎的时候可能会面临更多的麻烦。
  安徽医科大学附属医院妇产科主任刘晓军在接受本报记者采访时就说,剖宫产产妇手术中存在麻醉风险,术后出现并发症的可能性也比自然分娩要大,同时由于手术创面大,这部分产妇疼痛和恢复时间更长,而且由于剖宫产在子宫上留下疤痕,日后生育增加了风险。
  “第一胎剖完以后子宫疤痕厚度要达到一定标准才可以自然分娩,如果疤痕厚度不够,自然分娩很可能引发大出血。”刘晓军说。
  刘晓军告诉本报记者,“单独二胎”政策发布以来的这段时间里,来医院咨询自然分娩的夫妇呈增多趋势,其中不少是头胎选择剖宫产的;而且即使是头胎生育,选择或尽可能坚持自然分娩的家庭也明显增多。

推行效果并不乐观

  自然分娩是自古以来人类繁殖后代的主要分娩方式,它是人类自然的生理过程,最直接的好处就是可以减少母亲产后出血,子宫复原较快。
  北京市卫生局宣传处处长张建枢说,由于子宫的收缩及产道的挤压作用,可使胎儿呼吸道内的羊水和黏液排挤出来,使新生儿窒息及新生儿肺炎、湿肺发生率大大减少。通过产道挤压,有利于新生儿出生后迅速建立呼吸,提高胎儿脑部呼吸中枢的兴奋性。由于胎儿在产道内受到触觉、味觉、痛觉及感觉统合的锻炼,还有利于促进大脑及前庭功能发育,对今后运动能力及良好性格的培养均有好处。自然分娩可以使母亲和胎儿体内产生大量免疫抗体,自然分娩的新生儿具有更强的抵抗力和抗感染力。
  虽然自然分娩好处很多,剖宫产副作用不少,可是中国自然分娩的推行效果并不乐观。刘晓军表示,除去盆骨不正常、胎儿窘迫、胎儿过大等因素导致的医学指征剖宫产,非医学指征剖宫产的数量也十分可观。其不可忽视的原因之一是,女性生育年龄不断推迟,妊娠风险加大;很多孕妇盲目加大营养摄入,孕育出“巨大儿”的比例也在增加,不得不选择剖宫产。
  与此同时,中国母亲选择非医学指征剖宫产的理由也花样百出。有的家庭迷信“良辰吉日”,认为在某些特殊时刻出生的孩子会有更好的前程。有的家庭本来就计划只生一胎,不想在分娩时“受罪”,再加上部分医生在一旁细数剖宫产技术成熟、风险低等优点,放弃了自然分娩。
  由于剖宫产的便捷可控,且收费通常是自然分娩的两倍甚至更多,一些追求经济利益的中小医院会建议产妇选择剖宫产。自然顺产整个过程可长达十多个小时,助产士要长时间陪伴,相比起一个小时就能完成的剖宫产手术,医院需要投入更多的人力物力。
  而且由于中国家庭对独生子女的特殊重视,医务人员放宽了对剖宫产指征的控制,武汉一位不愿具名的妇科医生告诉《国际先驱导报》记者,一般来说对于主动要求剖宫产的孕妇医院不会拒绝,现在的产妇大都是家中的独生女,生孩子是好几个家庭的大事,医生不敢有太多介入,否则万一自然分娩过程中出了问题,医院和医生就会承受巨大的压力。
  “此外,卫生机构内助产人员普遍不足、关键的助产适宜技术培训推广不够,也会导致对剖宫产的偏好。”

推广自然分娩从改变观念做起

  专家表示,一些国家较低的剖宫产率跟其无痛分娩和水中分娩等前沿分娩技术的推广有关,发达国家在无痛分娩等助产技术方面做得相对好一些。但由于设备成本高,中国医院还暂时做不到大范围推广。而且由于不需要考虑类似计划生育这样的政策限制,这些国家的女性选择顺产也是考虑到将来的第二胎、第三胎。
  专家同时也表示,国内的产科完全达到国际水平,高剖宫产率跟医疗水平没有直接关联。拿水中分娩来说,可能国外的很多准妈妈会倾向于这种方式,但国内的大多数产妇仅从观念上就不会接受,因为中国人一直以来都没有水中分娩的传统。
  近年来,中国开始采取一系列措施来推广自然分娩,旨在降低畸高的剖宫产率。
  受卫生部委托,中国妇幼保健协会早在2010年就启动了“促进自然分娩、保障母婴健康”项目,希望能够通过系列措施创造一个促进自然分娩的社会环境和理念、推广适宜的助产技术和规范、降低不必要的剖宫产以及孕妇和婴儿的死亡率等。这个为期五年的项目将在全国建立至少10个培训中心,培训至少2000名有关助产适宜技术和产前健康教育的师资,并帮助至少100家医疗机构达到示范妇幼保健院或医院标准,并促进助产士职称系列和正规助产专业的建立。
  北京市卫生计生委建议相关医疗机构积极开展家属陪伴分娩、硬膜外麻醉无痛分娩等人性化服务,推广促进自然分娩的适宜技术,强化助产教育和技术培训,积极宣传自然分娩的好处,加强对助产机构的准入和监督管理,严格掌握剖宫产医学指征,将剖宫产手术管理作为医疗质量管理的重要内容纳入目标管理考核。
  在湖南,省卫生厅制订了自然分娩、剖宫产基本服务包标准,规定各级医疗机构剖宫产手术的比例,超过比例的部分,其费用医保基金将不予报销,由医院自行负责。
  而天津市在各基层医疗助产机构开展了导乐镇痛分娩服务项目。这种服务是以孕妇为中心,采用导乐仪分娩镇痛专用设备,由导乐师陪伴分娩全过程,减轻分娩疼痛,缩短产程,提供非药物无创伤镇痛技术等新型服务模式,在有效减轻分娩疼痛的同时对产妇给予生理、心理和情感上的支持。
  近年来中国各地兴起的孕妇学校,也通过让准妈妈和准爸爸们系统学习孕期相关的健康知识,提高他们对自然分娩的认识,增强对自然分娩的信心。

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